Daily Rituals — The Tim Ferriss Book Club, Book #2

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This post is about the second book in the Tim Ferriss Book Club, which is limited to books that have dramatically impacted my life. The first selection was Vagabonding by Rolf Potts. The second is Daily Rituals by Mason Currey. Enjoy!

I’m endlessly fascinated by routines and rituals.

What do the most successful people do first thing in the morning? Or last thing at night? How do writers, artists, and creatives engineer “inspiration” when it eludes them? Naps? Drugs? Exercise? Weird sexual habits or eating regimens? Other?

The answers can help you.

For my birthday last year, I received a incredible book: Daily Rituals: How Artists Work. It was given to me by Josh Waitzkin, the renowned chess champion (best known from Searching for Bobby Fischer) and a master at deconstructing the world’s top performers.

He loved the book, and I fell head over heels in love with it.

It became my daily companion. There were gems everywhere, and I underlined nearly every page. I began to read 1-2 page-long profiles each morning with my pu-erh tea, and this ritual not only shocked me out of a major depressive funk, it also triggered a creative explosion.

I was having fun again… and getting tons done in the process!

Lena Dunham, creator of Girls, agrees: “I just can’t recommend this book [Daily Rituals] enough.”

Daily Rituals details nearly 200 routines of some of the greatest minds of the last four hundred years–famous novelists, poets, playwrights, painters, philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians. Among other things, this book will make you feel better about your own procrastination and odd habits! These A-players were a very peculiar bunch…

This post includes:

  • A full overview of Daily Rituals
  • A sample of Daily Rituals (Introduction)

The brand-new audiobook of Daily Rituals includes exclusive bonus material — introductions for each of the 161 creative minds. This makes each routine easier to place in context and use.

You can download it all here.  

And, just as Josh gifted this book to me, I hope you consider gifting Daily Rituals to your family and friends this holiday season. It could change their lives.

Just click “Give as a Gift” here. You can schedule the audiobook to be emailed to your recipient on 12/25 or whenever you like.

Daily Rituals — Full Overview

Franz Kafka, frustrated with his living quarters and day job, wrote in a letter to Felice Bauer in 1912, “time is short, my strength is limited, the office is a horror, the apartment is noisy, and if a pleasant, straightforward life is not possible then one must try to wriggle through by subtle maneuvers.”

Kafka is one of 161 inspired–and inspiring–minds, among them, novelists, poets, playwrights, painters, philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians, who describe how they subtly maneuver the many (self-inflicted) obstacles and (self-imposed) daily rituals to get done the work they love to do, whether by waking early or staying up late; whether by self-medicating with doughnuts or bathing, drinking vast quantities of coffee, or taking long daily walks. Thomas Wolfe wrote standing up in the kitchen, the top of the refrigerator as his desk, dreamily fondling his “male configurations”… Jean-Paul Sartre chewed on Corydrane tablets (a mix of amphetamine and aspirin), ingesting ten times the recommended dose each day… Descartes liked to linger in bed, his mind wandering in sleep through woods, gardens, and enchanted palaces where he experienced “every pleasure imaginable.”

Here are: Anthony Trollope, who demanded of himself that each morning he write three thousand words (250 words every fifteen minutes for three hours) before going off to his job at the postal service, which he kept for thirty-three years during the writing of more than two dozen books… Karl Marx… Woody Allen… Agatha Christie… George Balanchine, who did most of his work while ironing… Leo Tolstoy… Charles Dickens… Pablo Picasso… George Gershwin, who, said his brother Ira, worked for twelve hours a day from late morning to midnight, composing at the piano in pajamas, bathrobe, and slippers…

Here also are the daily rituals of Charles Darwin, Andy Warhol, John Updike, Twyla Tharp, Benjamin Franklin, William Faulkner, Jane Austen, Anne Rice, and Igor Stravinsky (he was never able to compose unless he was sure no one could hear him and, when blocked, stood on his head to “clear the brain”).

Brilliantly compiled and edited, and filled with detail and anecdote, Daily Rituals is irresistible, addictive, and magically inspiring.

Daily Rituals Sample — The Introduction

[TIM: The following words are from author Mason Currey.]

Nearly every weekday morning for a year and a half, I got up at 5:30, brushed my teeth, made a cup of coffee, and sat down to write about how some of the greatest minds of the past four hundred years approached this exact same task–that is, how they made the time each day to do their best work, how they organized their schedules in order to be creative and productive.

By writing about the admittedly mundane details of my subjects’ daily lives–when they slept and ate and worked and worried–I hoped to provide a novel angle on their personalities and careers, to sketch entertaining, small-bore portraits of the artist as a creature of habit. “Tell me what you eat, and I shall tell you what you are,” the French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin once wrote. I say, tell me what time you eat, and whether you take a nap afterward.

In that sense, this is a superficial book. It’s about the circumstances of creative activity, not the product; it deals with manufacturing rather than meaning.

But it’s also, inevitably, personal. (John Cheever thought that you couldn’t even type a business letter without revealing something of your inner self–isn’t that the truth?) My underlying concerns in the book are issues that I struggle with in my own life: How do you do meaningful creative work while also earning a living? Is it better to devote yourself wholly to a project or to set aside a small portion of each day? And when there doesn’t seem to be enough time for all you hope to accomplish, must you give things up (sleep, income, a clean house), or can you learn to condense activities, to do more in less time, to “work smarter, not harder,” as my dad is always telling me? More broadly, are comfort and creativity incompatible, or is the opposite true: Is finding a basic level of daily comfort a prerequisite for sustained creative work?

I don’t pretend to answer these questions in the following pages–probably some of them can’t be answered, or can be resolved only individually, in shaky personal compromises–but I have tried to provide examples of how a variety of brilliant and successful people have confronted many of the same challenges. I wanted to show how grand creative visions translate to small daily increments; how one’s working habits influence the work itself, and vice versa.

The book’s title is Daily Rituals, but my focus in writing it was really people’s routines. The word connotes ordinariness and even a lack of thought; to follow a routine is to be on autopilot. But one’s daily routine is also a choice, or a whole series of choices. In the right hands, it can be a finely calibrated mechanism for taking advantage of a range of limited resources: time (the most limited resource of all) as well as willpower, self- discipline, optimism. A solid routine fosters a well- worn groove for one’s mental energies and helps stave off the tyranny of moods. This was one of William James’s favorite subjects. He thought you wanted to put part of your life on autopilot; by forming good habits, he said, we can “free our minds to advance to really interesting fields of action.”

Ironically, James himself was a chronic procrastinator and could never stick to a regular schedule (covered in this book). As it happens, it was an inspired bout of procrastination that led to the creation of this book.

One Sunday afternoon in July 2007, I was sitting alone in the dusty offices of the small architecture magazine that I worked for, trying to write a story due the next day. But instead of buckling down and getting it over with, I was reading The New York Times online, compulsively tidying my cubicle, making Nespresso shots in the kitchenette, and generally wasting the day. It was a familiar predicament. I’m a classic “morning person,” capable of considerable focus in the early hours but pretty much useless after lunch. That afternoon, to make myself feel better about this often inconvenient predilection (who wants to get up at 5:30 every day?), I started searching the Internet for information about other writers’ working schedules. These were easy to find, and highly entertaining. It occurred to me that someone should collect these anecdotes in one place–hence the Daily Routines blog I launched that very afternoon (my magazine story got written in a last-minute panic the next morning) and, now, this book.

The blog was a casual affair; I merely posted descriptions of people’s routines as I ran across them in biographies, magazine profiles, newspaper obits, and the like. For the book, I’ve pulled together a vastly expanded and better researched collection, while also trying to maintain the brevity and diversity of voices that made the original appealing. As much as possible, I’ve let my subjects speak for themselves, in quotes from letters, diaries, and interviews. In other cases, I have cobbled together a summary of their routines from secondary sources. And when another writer has produced the perfect distillation of his subject’s routine, I have quoted it at length rather than try to recast it myself. I should note here that this book would have been impossible without the research and writing of the hundreds of biographers, journalists, and scholars whose work I drew upon. I have documented all of my sources in the Notes section, which I hope will also serve as a guide to further reading.

Compiling these entries, I kept in mind a passage from a 1941 essay by V. S. Pritchett. Writing about Edward Gibbon, Pritchett takes note of the great English historian’s remarkable industry–even during his military service, Gibbon managed to find the time to continue his scholarly work, toting along Horace on the march and reading up on pagan and Christian theology in his tent. “Sooner or later,” Pritchett writes, “the great men turn out to be all alike. They never stop working. They never lose a minute. It is very depressing.”

What aspiring writer or artist has not felt this exact sentiment from time to time? Looking at the achievements of past greats is alternately inspiring and utterly discouraging. But Pritchett is also, of course, wrong.

For every cheerfully industrious Gibbon who worked nonstop and seemed free of the self-doubt and crises of confidence that dog us mere mortals, there is a William James or a Franz Kafka, great minds who wasted time, waited vainly for inspiration to strike, experienced torturous blocks and dry spells, were racked by doubt and insecurity. In reality, most of the people in this book are somewhere in the middle–committed to daily work but never entirely confident of their progress; always wary of the one off day that undoes the streak. All of them made the time to get their work done. But there is infinite variation in how they structured their lives to do so.

This book is about that variation. And I hope that readers will find it encouraging rather than depressing. Writing it, I often thought of a line from a letter Kafka sent to his beloved Felice Bauer in 1912. Frustrated by his cramped living situation and his deadening day job, he complained, “time is short, my strength is limited, the office is a horror, the apartment is noisy, and if a pleasant, straightforward life is not possible then one must try to wriggle through by subtle maneuvers.” Poor Kafka! But then who among us can expect to live a pleasant, straightforward life? For most of us, much of the time, it is a slog, and Kafka’s subtle maneuvers are not so much a last resort as an ideal.

Here’s to wriggling through.

###

All 161 Daily Rituals can be downloaded here.

What routines or rituals have you found most helpful in your own personal or professional life? Where did you pick it up? Please let me know in the comments!

Posted on: December 15, 2013.

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102 comments on “Daily Rituals — The Tim Ferriss Book Club, Book #2

  1. Tim what was your favourite ritual out of all 161? Or better yet, are there any in particular you took up which have had great impact?
    For me I’ve noticed the single most powerful thing is to always start my day with writing a list of priorities in a journal. However I don’t number them – for some reason it makes me less likely to do them, instead I pick the most important one to do first and do it.

    Like

  2. DISCLAIMER: Not a comment to try and promote my product

    Just a quick thank you and a question that I hope to get answered by Tim.

    Im 21 finished school and decided not to capitulate to the mundane 9-5 after reading and re reading the 4HWW. Just finished creating my muse which was honestly so much fun.

    Im a golfer and have player my whole life as well as voracious reader with an interest in design. Thus, I created an interactive golf guide for Ipad using Ibooks author and my Iphone 5s ($0 cost of production) [Moderator: link removed]

    Tim – My question is how can I generate sales now that my product is out as I am having trouble generating internet/media buzz and converting sales.

    The product is truly amazing and I believe it speaks for itself.

    Regardless if i get a response from the incredible Mr.Ferriss I would like to say a massive thank you as the 4 hour work week, 4 hour body , and 4 hour chef have all had an profound impact on my life.

    Like

  3. I’m VERY excited about this! I was just getting together my daily & long term goal setting for the new year. I do ongoing goal setting, but LOVE a new beginning! :) Something I learned this year and it has drastically affected my life- for the better- is that by coming up with a daily routine and making time to accomplish things that mean the most to me- I am much happier and get more done! So I’m VERY excited to learn about this. Thanks as always!!!

    Like

  4. Helpful at the end of day as part of Goodnight Moon ritual: a) writing down confusing interpersonal interactions in a sentence or less, b) committing to repeat “I love myself” if the thought comes back up c) giving my brain a mental high five up for avoiding construction on negative neural pathways, d) reminding myself I could reference back to the brain pain if I ever needed to…

    Like

      • Right on. I like getting a solid 8-10 as well. I always feel like I should sleep less though because many of the worlds greats claim they only get 4/night.

        I usually achieve those kind of nights after copious amounts of coffee. lol

        Like

      • Hi Tim,

        Does it matter when you go to sleep and how it effects your overall sleep? Do you have a certain sleep routine that you try to have during the week.

        I personally have been trying to go to sleep before 11 pm, however, I still find it challenging doing it most days of the week.

        With gratitude,

        Alex

        Like

  5. Hi Tim

    What’s you view /knowledge on audiobooks compared to traditionally written ones?

    My main points of interests are:

    – Efficiency
    – Absorbtion & Retention
    – Combining it with written books ( or even summaries )

    Like

    • Old love your opinion on this one too. Would it be worth getting the physical copy of this book, or does Audiblr suffice?

      Thanks again Tim :)

      Like

    • Not sure what Tim thinks…but if you can learn to speed read, you can cover a lot more material than an audiobook. Essentially, most people read word to word using their inner dialog to dictate the text (basically the same speed that an audio book would be). When speed reading you group the words together and capture the material one group at a time. (think of a billboard…you don’t read the whole thing word for word, you glance at it at absorb most or all of the words In one look. If you’re looking to save time or complete more reading, I highly recommend it. I’ve already read 42 books this year (at least 10 of them were over 500 pages) and just finished Tolstoy’s “War and Peace in 3 weeks. You might also try using audio books if you have a long commute to save time.

      Like

      • Hi Kyle

        Thx for your input – really hope to get Tim’s input here as he is probably the biggest geek of the crowd. Also I would love to learn about how other readers feel and go about it.

        Though I am capable to read fast – I have like a mixed relationship with speedreading.

        My main points:

        – I enjoy reading and don’t want to make a stress out of it next to a busy job
        – As I don’t often have much time and its nice to have alternative
        — I find speedreading can be very nice for punctual & tactical (and not to pick-up new stuff from a whole book)
        — Audiobooks can be absorbed passively while taking notes, requires very little mental effort compared to reading
        – I find speedreading great in combination to book summaries, the more how-to the book rather than philosophical the better that works

        Like

  6. How fitting you have this book next on your list as rituals are HUGE for success. Thanks for sharing about your daily rituals and visualization tips in our most recent podcast interview Tim :)

    Like

  7. Much as I like the idea – argh audiobooks! Real books every time. I can make notes on real books, reread parts easily, fold corners back, etc. I’d be happy to subscribe annually to something which just sent me the book each month – I’m never going to buy an audiobook unfortunately, I’d never listen to them. Any chance of something like that? Real, physical books!

    Like

  8. Hi Tim,

    it seems you always hit the right time for your posts – I am just trying to convince a friend that he is not the only person in the world to “waste” time with “unimportant” stuff although he has important work to do!! Such as finishing his Bachelor Thesis…

    I have plenty of rituals that differ from time to time – but one that has been in my life for some time now is a cup of fatty coffee in the morning, a protein shake (30 in 30) and 15 minutes in front of my beloved GoLite before I get ready and off to work (by the way, Kafkas words feel very familiar!!)

    Thx, Sascha

    Like

  9. Looking forward to digging into this one. A few habits/routines that get me through the weekday grog have been: Running through a list of things I am grateful for upon awaking. Making my ‘pink smoothie of goo’…right before sitting for a short meditation session before heading to work.

    A keystone habit that I never miss is hitting the gym. This has helped me form the discipline to stick with all the other habits and routines I have created in my life.

    Like